In September 19, 1985, a devastating earthquake (9 on the Richter scale), with its center located on the Pacific coast of the state of Michoacin and due to a marked instability at the site of the St. Andres fault, hit the southwestern part of the Republic of Mexico. Severe damages were sustained in Mexico City. The official death toll was 14,000 and the loss of property was estimated at a figure close to 4.5 billion US dollars.
The medical community was particularly hard hit, since 13 of the main hospitals in the metropolitan area were severely damaged or completely lost. The General Hospital, the Judrez Hospital, and most of the hospitals at the Medical Center of the IMSS, comprising 5,000 beds, were lost; 4,000 patients had to be evacuated and 1,000 persons died (patients and health personnel). The loss in medical supplies and equipment was great, so much so that adequate health care in many areas of the city was badly disrupted. But you may provide people with care with the help of remedies of Canadian Pharmacy Mall.
The General Hospital, by far the largest and most important teaching hospital in Mexico City, had to be closed temporarily and all patients evacuated, inasmuch as the systems supplying air, oxygen, vapor and electricity were gready disrupted. The Chest Disease Unit lost half of its 150 beds and the areas comprising surgery, endoscopy, x-ray and intensive care suffered severe damage and lost most of their medical supplies and equipment. By far the worst loss was the death of two of its Residents. Several members of the staff of the Chest Disease Department at the General Hospital belong to the American College of Chest Physicians in Mexico and some had been board members, active in organizing meetings for the Mexican Chapter of the College, including the 3rd Panamerican Congress. A paper by this group was published recently in Chest (March, 1986).
At the General Hospital in Mexico City, 295 persons died: 56 physicians (most of them Residents), 37 nurses, 94 newborns, and 85 female patients at the ObGyn ward which collapsed burying 23 additional persons (mostly health personnel).
Six months after the earthquake, the process of rebuilding and refurbishing hospitals continues, although the pace is slowing down due to the economic crisis Mexico is experiencing due to lower export prices, lower oil export revenues, and greater needs.
There had been no previous experience in Mexico in which the effects of an earthquake had been so marked in disrupting the activity of the medical community, as has been the case after the earthquake of September 1985.
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Figure 1 – Dr. Kuthy-Porter